What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is cancer of the prostate gland which can only be found in males.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

There are usually no specific signs or symptoms of early prostate cancer. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test and digital rectal exam (DRE) can provide the best chance of identifying prostate cancer in its earliest stages.

The following are the most common symptoms of prostate cancer:

  • Weak or interrupted flow of urine
  • Urinating often (especially at night)
  • Difficulty urinating or holding back urine
  • Inability to urinate
  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Painful ejaculation

Prostate Cancer Risk Factors

In general, all men are at risk for prostate cancer. However, there are specific risk factors that increase the likelihood that certain men will develop the disease, including the following:

  • Age: 50+
  • Diet
  • Obesity
  • Having a vasectomy
  • Family history of prostate cancer

Procedures Used to Evaluate Prostate Problems

The tests used for prostate cancer screening include:

The diagnosis of prostate cancer is confirmed only by a biopsy.

Types of Treatment

Treatment for prostate cancer is either local or systemic.

Local treatments remove, destroy, or control the cancer cells in one certain area. Surgery and radiation therapy are local treatments. Local treatments are typically used when the cancer is confined to the prostate gland and is potentially curable.

Systemic treatments are used to destroy or control cancer cells throughout the entire body. Systemic therapies are the main treatment when the cancer has spread outside of the prostate gland and when local therapy alone cannot eliminate all cancer from the body. A patient may have just one treatment or a combination of different treatments.

Chemotherapy or a prostate cancer vaccine may be used.

For more information on prostate cancer treatment or to schedule an appointment, contact Christian Hospital at 314.747.9355 or toll-free at 877.747.9355 or email us.