What is Stomach Cancer?

Stomach cancer (also known as gastric cancer) is cancer that starts in any part of the stomach.

Stomach Cancer Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of stomach cancer is unknown, although there are many risk factors believed to contribute to cells in the stomach becoming cancerous.

The following are suggested risk factors for stomach cancer:

  • Diet that includes the following:
    • Large amounts of smoked foods
    • Salted fish and meat
    • Pickled vegetables
    • Foods and beverages that contain nitrates and nitrites, which are commonly found in cured meats
  • Tobacco use
  • Previous stomach surgery
  • Megaloblastic (pernicious) anemia
  • Menetrier's disease
  • Having blood type A
  • History of stomach polyps
  • Obesity

Stomach Cancer Symptoms

The following are the most common symptoms of stomach cancer:

  • Indigestion or heartburn
  • Discomfort or pain in the abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Vomiting blood or blood in the stool

Diagnosing Stomach Cancer

In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for stomach cancer may include the following:

  • Upper GI series (barium swallow)
  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD or upper endoscopy)
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • CAT scan

Stomach Cancer Treatment

Below are the treatments available for stomach cancer from the Cancer Center at Christian Hospital.

For more information on stomach cancer treatment or to schedule an appointment, contact Christian Hospital at 314.747.9355 or toll-free at 877.747.9355 or email us.