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Once characterized as a psychological disease, Schizophrenia is now classified as a brain disease and is one of the most complex in mental health. It is a severe, chronic and disabling disturbance of the brain that has no known single cause.
Schizophrenia is considered to be multifactorially inherited. Multifactorial inheritance means that "many factors" are involved. The factors are usually both genetic and environmental, where a combination of genes from both parents, in addition to unknown environmental factors, produce the condition.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia include:
- Distorted perception of reality
- Confused thinking
- Detailed and bizarre thoughts and ideas
- Suspiciousness and/or paranoia
- Extreme moodiness
- Severe anxiety and/or fearfulness
- Flat affect or inability to manage emotions
- Difficulty in performing functions at work and/or school
- Exaggerated self-worth and/or unrealistic sense of superiority of one's self
- Social withdrawal
- Disorganized or catatonic behavior
- Odd behaviors